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Civil War Diary - Nelson L. Wandell

JUNE 4, 1862 - JUNE 23, 1865 (PART I)

This is a small journal dated Sept. 28, 1906. Presented to the Brooks Library by Nelson L. Wandell, Corporal Co. K, 9th Vermont Vols. This book is for reference only. NLW

This Civil War Record is a Copy of one writ[t]en during 3 years Service in Co. K, 9th Vt. Inft. by Nelson L. Wandell who enlisted in Brattleboro Vt. June 4th 1862, and was mustered out June 23d 1865 after serving over 3 years. The entire regt. was mustered out at the same time and place, Burlington, Vt. This nar[r]ative gives the time and place of every movement made by the 9th Vt. during its 3 years of service.

This copy was made by the above Nelson L. Wandell who has been a resident of San Francisco for 32 years. Copied while visiting Buffalo, NY during the Summer of 1906.

Born in Buffalo, NY, Nov. 22, 1837.

1862. Brattleboro, Vermont. Wednesday, June 4th 1862. Enlisted this day in the 9th Regiment Vt. Volunteers.

June 7. Went to Hinsdale to visit. June 12. Returned to Brattleboro to drill. June 18. Escorted the Swanton Co. to the camp grounds, Co. A. June 21. Got a furlough to visit and Recruit. June 24. Co. B arrived today. June 27. Co. C arrived today. June 28. Co. D arrived today and Co. E. June 30. Co's. F, G, and H came today.

July . Co. I arrived today. July 3d. Organized our Co. (K) today, Capt. D.W. Lewis, 1st Lieut. J.C. Brooks, & Lieut. H.H. Rice. July 5. Co. Went to Camp an[d] received our guns. July 9. Wednesday) Sworn into the United States Service today. Rainy day. July 12. Friday, Received $25.00 bounty from the U.S. Government. July 15 (Tuesday). Broke up camp and Started for Washington.

Rev[e]ille this morning at half past 3 AM. Roll Call at 4, breakfast at five, In line at Six, started at dawn to the depot, arrived there at half past seven, got on the cars at half past eight, the cars started at half past nine A.M., a rain[e]y night and morning, arrived in Springfield at half past one Oclock P.M. and was furnished with refreshments. All honor to Massachusetts people. Arrived in Hartford, Conn. at half past three, arrived in New Haven at 6 Oclock, at Seven took the Steamer Bay State for New York.

July 16th (Wednesday). Arrived in New York City at Seven A.M. Went to Madison Square, ate breakfast; Staid there until[l] three P.M. At seven took the Boat for South Amboy, at ten P.M. started on the cars for Philadelphia. Arrived in Philadelphia at three Oclock.

July 17. Thursday ate breakfast at the Soldiers victualing house, furnished by the great people of the city of brotherly love. Arrived at Baltimore at 12 Oclock M. Ate spuper[supper] at the Union Relief Association, Started at Six Oclock P.M. They gave us a good supper, the Union Relief Association. Arrived in the City of Magnificent distances at eleven oclock PM, and experienced the effects of the Sacred soil.

July 19. Saturday, changed our old guns for Springfield guns (Belgian muskets).

July 20. Sunday, Started for Clouds Mills, Va., 5 miles from Alexandria at 8 Oclock A.M., arrived there at 3 Oclock P.M. July 24. Thursday. Broke up Camp at 4 Oclock A.M. Marched for Alexandria, took a Steamer for Washington, took cars in Washington for Harpers Ferry, arrived there at 3 oclock P.M., Friday, July 25. July 26. Saturday, Took the cars for Winchester, arrived at seven P.M. Aug. 1. Detailed as Carpenter, exempted from all duties except Military.

Aug. 18. Monday. Worked from last date on the fort, Raised the flag with military honors, about 40 of our Co. went on a scout after some of Ashby's Caverly[sic] with parts of a Co. in the 32nd and 60th Ohio, 39th NY (G. Guard) and 1st Ma. Cavalry, and one piece of the Jackass battery. Went 20 miles and back inside of 24 hours.

Aug. 19. Returned at 8 Oclock P.M. Sept. 2d. Tuesday. Skeedad[d]led from Winchester to Harpers Ferry at ten Oclock P.M. Burned all the axes, picks, spades, Wheelbarrows and all the bags in the little fort. Sept. 3d. Wednesday. Arrived in Harpers Ferry at 6 Oclock P.M.

Sept. 5. Friday, Moved the Camp on the otherside of the road. Sept. 9. Tuesday, Went on Picket for the first time. Sept. 12. The enemy made their appearance this forenoon and our batt[e]ries shelled them.

Sept. 14th. Sunday, Went this morning on picket guard with the Co. on outside picket. The rebels commenced Shelling us at 12 Oclock M, The third Md. Picket boys run at the first fire up to the woods. The rebels fired at us until[l] 5 Oclock P.M. We began to look out for their Skirmishers.

Just as the sun was going down they advanced. Gen. A.P. Hill's brigade to flank us on the left, they filed down the hill opposite through a cornfield. We retreated (up) at the hill and were fired on by their advances. Retreated behind a rail fence and collected the pickets to make a Stand.

Here we fired several rounds and the rebels advanced in good order. We were not strong enough to withstand them, again we retreated, but kept up a steady fire. We formed again behind a rail fence and some stumps and bushes. Here we were reinforced by the 32d Ohio.

It was getting to be quite dark and the men were hollering out your shooting our own men. Here we made a Stand for half an hour and then retreated towards the fort to a better position. The rebels did not advance on us. At nine Oclock P.M., we went down to the cross roads on the Charleston pike and staid all night.

Sep. 15th. Monday morning our pickets fired on them and they threw shells at us. We retreated out of range. At Six Oclock A.M. we started for the Camp, before we got there our General surrendered. In the forenoon we stacked our guns for the last time. The rebels stole my knapsack with all my things. I found a knapsack and dress coat, woolen blanket and shirt, stockings with a few other things.

Sept. 16th. Tuesday forenoon we started on parole for the North. We went within two miles of Frederick. A rain[e]y night.

Sept. 17th. Wednesday. Marched to Frederick and filed to the right three miles out of our way to camp and wait for orders, got rested and ready for tomorrow.

Sept. 18th. Thursday Started and marched into Frederick and took the same road, the Baltimore pike, Marched all day and camped on a (high) hill, had a heavy shower about 9 P.M., got quite wet.

Sept. 19th. Friday, marched within eleven miles of Baltimore and camped on a very steep hill, had a pleasant night.

Sept. 20th. Saturday, Started at ten A.M. and marched back two miles and camped in the woods on the right of the road that runs through it, staid here till two P.M. Started on that road for Annapolis, reached the Washington pike at sundown and camped for the night. A very p[l]easant night.

Sept. 21st. Sunday, Started at break of day before breakfast, marched four miles and ate breakfast. Marched 24 miles today and reached our campground two miles from Annapolis, camped here till Thursday.

Sep. 25. Broke up camp this morning, started for Annapolis and took the Steamer John Tucker for Baltimore. Arrived their at 12½ M. Took the cars for Pittsburg, started after dark, rode all night in poor miserable cars.

Sep. 26. Friday, Arrived in Altoon, Pa. At 4 Oclock P.M. Went through the long tunnel[l] at 6 Oclock P.M., it is one quarter of a mile long.

Sep. 27. Saturday, Arrived in Pittsburg, PA at half past three A.M., ate a good breakfast here. Dr. Stewart of New Brighton gave me a good dinner. This is the first time I have sat down to a table to eat since I left Vermont. Passed the Ohio line at 5 P.M. rode all night long.

Sep. 28. Sunday, Passed the Indiana line at half past ten A.M., arrived at Fort Wayne, In. at half past twelve M. The good people of this town gave us all we could eat and some to carry off with us. Arrived in Chicago at 8 Oclock P.M., went to the wrong camp ground and laid out in the rain all night. Sept.

29. Monday, Went to the fair grounds to camp, took the stables for our tents. Nov. 7. Friday, Went to work in Camp Douglas. Nov. 23. Sunday, Moved our quarters to Camp Douglas.

1863. Jan. 10. Saturday. Our regt was exchanged today. Good news. Jan. 27. A lot of rebel prisoners came to camp, most of them were taken at Murfre[e]sboro, Tenn. and some were taken in Virgin[i]a, quite a number of them helped to take us at Harpers Ferry. They are poorly clad and the cold weather takes hold of them, "right smart" as they say. ["14 hundred" written at side]

Jan. 29. Thursday afternoon 8 hundred rebel prisoners arrived from Arkansas Post, Arkansas river. At 9 P.M. another lot came, and towards morning still another lot of them came in, in all we have got about four thous. two hundred. One regt. of Texas rangers besides several other regts from the same State. These Arkansas Postmen are the most miserable lot of men that I ever saw. They are dressed in all sorts of colors and kinds of clothing.

Feb. 11. Wednesday. Received a new Enfield rifle musket.

Feb. 23. Monday, went to the city to celebrate Washington's birthday.

Feb. 28 Mustered in for two months pay.

April 1. Wednesday. Started from Camp Douglas for City Point, Va. With about six hundred rebel prisoners. April 3. Friday. Arrived in Pittsburg, Pa. in the morning and changed cars.

April 4th. Saturday morning arrived opposite Harrisburg, Pa. at 3 oclock, arrived in Baltimore, Md. marched through the city with the rebels, with an escort of the 151st Regt. N.Y. vols. Took the steamer John Brook.

April 5th. Sunday morning started from Baltimore. Arrived off Fortress Munroe during the night. April 6th. Monday morning changed to the steamer Matamora at 11 Oclock A.M. started for City Point. Was stopped by the flagship Minnesota. Passed one of the Monitor gunboats also the sunken man of war Cumberland, reached City Point at 7 P.M.

April 7th. Tuesday morning at 10 Oclock 129 Paroled Union troops from Richmond arrived. 78 of them belonged to the 1st Vermont Cavalry.

The Secesh left and they came aboard. Our men were strip[p]ed of everything, some even of their pants and caps, and had to wear the rebels old clothes. Left City Point at 1 Oclock noon, at 4 O'clock P.M. met the Steamer Columbia going up with a load of the devils. April 8th. Wednesday. Slept last night in a tug boat. Disembarked and found the Co's that preceded us, went to the camping ground, picked tents.

April 15. Wednesday struck tents at 12 Oclock noon, at 3 Oclock P.M. left for the fort. (P.S. this was Fortress Munro) Took the steamer Champion for Norfolk. At dark left the Fort, arrived in Norfolk during the night.

April 16. Thursday morning left steamer and got aboard the cars bound for Suffolk, arrived there at 10 Oclock A.M., camped beside the railroad in little shelter tents.

April 17. Friday. Started for picket at 11 Oclock A.M., went one and a half miles below Suffolk, on the river. In the afternoon had orders, went to our present camping ground nearly two miles and a half from Suffolk. Slept in camp all night. Nearly froze to death. May 1st. Moved back above Suffolk. A very warm day. Pitched tents, went on Picket. Went on Picket at night 40 rods from rifle pits. Camp Picket.

May 3d. Sunday. Went on Picket this morning on a wagon road through the woods to the right on (of) the main road. Could plainly see the rebel pickets but a few rods distance. We had a very pleasant day, but in the night they tride[sic] to cut us off but couldn't do it.

May 4. Monday morning the rebel pickets were gone all along the line. Went and saw where they were posted. Returned to camp this morning, received orders to be ready to march at a moments warning with sixty rounds of cartridges.

May 5. Afternoon the regt. went to where they (had) built their breastworks, worked till night throwing them down, returned to camp this evening.

May 7. Thursday. Started early this morning to finish the rebel works, worked by relief all day. Camped in a deserted house. May 8th. Friday, finished throwing down the breastworks at 12 Oclock M. Started for camp so we thought but we went over on another road where they had a breastwork some few rods of rifle pits. It took us but a few minutes to demolish them, returned to camp.

May 14th. Thursday. Moved camp near Suffolk. This makes four camps we have been in since we came to this place. May 20th. Wednesday noon started from Suffolk. Camped in Windsor all night.

May 21st. Thursday, at 11 Oclock A.M. left Windsor for Barbes[?] cross roads four miles from Windsor for Picket duty while the railroad was being turn up. May 24th. Sunday. 4 Oclock P.M. fell back one and a half miles to a grist Mill.

" 26th. Tuesday in the afternoon fell back to within three miles of camp. We camped down for the night, but at 8 Oclock fell in to go to camp. At 12 Oclock got back to the old camp in Suffolk. June 17th. Wednesday. Received orders to march forth with packed knapsack and all ready to start at 3 Oclock P.M. At 5 P.M. struck tents and marched for the cars. Waited till 8 Oclock for the down train to come. Arrived in Norfolk at half past - P.M. Went on board of the Steamer Peconic and left for Fortress Munroe. Anchored off the Fort for the rest of the night. June 18th. Thursday arrived in Yorktown about noon, went below the town and pitched tents.

June 25th. Thursday. Struck tents this morning and went down to the landing, waited there till about 4 Oclock P.M. then went aboard the Steamer Kenebeck bound for West Point, arrived there about 7 P.M. Anchored off the landing till 12 Oclock P.M., then went ashore. This is a very wet day.

June 26th. Friday. Left the landing this morning and went up the Peninsula[r] one mile and pitched tents. June 30th. Tuesday. Mustered this morning and went on picket, found plenty of blackberries.

July 7th. Tuesday received orders this morning to pack up ready for a start. Left West Point at 12 Oclock P.M. July 8th. Wednesday arrived in Yorktown this morning. Pitched tents in our old camp outside of the Fort. July 9th. Thursday. Went in the Fort as a garrison this forenoon. We are quart[er]ed in log houses, one house for each Co. (60x25 feet).

July 21st. Detailed Carpenter. They sent after the drafted men today. July 29th. Received two months pay, up to first of July 1863. Aug. 18th. Returned to Co. for duty. Aug. 21st. Promoted to a Corporal, Promotion read on dress p[a]rade. Our Co. K and B detailed for heavy artillery.

Sept. 3d. Thursday went on quarter guard this morning. Sept. 16th. Wednesday. Practiced firing at a target with shell from a 32 Pd. Columbiad (smith bore).

Sept. 26th. Saturday, on garrison guard today. Sept. 28th. Monday. Detailed for extra duty. Oct. 1st. The 4th U.S. Col. Troops arrived here today to relieve our regt from this fever and ague hole. Oct. 4th. Sunday. Received two months pay up to the first of Sept. and the Clothing bill settled up. Oct. 23d Friday. Received orders to march at 10 Oclock P.M., did not leave till nearly 12 O'clock.

Oct. 24th. Saturday. We finely[sic] got started this morning on the Propel[l]er "John Rice." The 99th N.Y. on board with us arrived at Fortress Munroe about 11 Oclock A.M. 8 Cos. Got off on another steamer. We anchored till next morning. Oct. 25th. Sunday. We left Fort Munroe this morning about 7 Oclock bound to Morehead City, N.C. The weather was very stormy, especial[l]y going by Cape Hatteras.

Oct. 26th. Monday. Arrived in Morehead City this morning at half past ten. The 99th N.Y. got off in the afternoon, and we left the boat about ten at night and took the cars for Newbern, arrived there about twelve.

Oct. 27th. Tuesday went back to Morehead this morning and from there to Newport Barracks ten miles from Morehead quarter[e]d here till Sunday Nov. 1st.

Nov. 1st. Sunday. Left Newport for Gales Creek picket Post, five miles from Newport. Our Co. to do picket duty here. Nov. 2d. Monday. On Picket guard today, the night very cold. Nov. 8. Sunday. On Picket guard today, very cold tonight. Nov. 13th. Friday. On Picket guard, quite warm and pleasant tonight. Nov. 19th. Thursday. On Picket guard, quite warm and pleasant tonight. Nov. 25th. Wednesday. On Picket guard. Nov. 30th. Paid for two months.

Dec. 1st. On Picket to day. Mayor Jarvis Killed by the rebs. Dec. 4th. Friday. On Picket today at the old post. Dec. 8th. On guard today at the new picket post at Mr. Glancey's house. Dec. 11th. Friday. On guard at the old post today. Dec. 14th. Monday. Went to Newport on detail duty.

1864. Jan. --. Friday. Returned to Co. today. Jan. 26th. Tuesday. The Co. returned to Newport Barracks. Jan. 27th. Wednesday. The regt. went on a raid, and the recruits came today. Jan. 28. Thursday. Went on quarter guard. Jan. 29th. Friday. The regt. returned this evening footsore and weary.

Feb. 1st. Monday. The Co. ordered out for a picket reserve at 10 Oclock P.M. A very wet night. Feb. 2d. Tuesday. The rebels drove Cos. H and B at Gales Creek and the Blockhouse on Bogue Sound, part of the regt. went out towards Gales Creek as far as the Cavalry picket post without seeing any rebs. They then went out towards Co. B at the Blockhouse, with the rest of the regt. and engaged the enemy for two hours though the rebs were ten to our one, we were ordered to fall back to the barracks and found the regt retreating.

We retreated across the railroad bridge and formed a rear guard to protect our men that were coming across the bridge when all or nearly all were across, the bridge was fired and we retreated on the road that goes to Beaufort. Traveled (marched) all night and arrived in Beaufort the next morning.

Feb. 3d. Wednesday morning we stacked arms and went down to the hospital and ate breakfast. Co. K went down to the dock and staid there till two Oclock P.M. Then went over to Morehead City in a little sloop. Took the cars and went up to the fortifications, slept on ground near the breastworks. A very cold night.

Feb. 4th. Thursday. O[n] guard on the breastworks. Relieved at dark. Went down to the hospital to sleep. Feb. 5. Up this morning before break of day and fell into line behind the breastworks. Feb. 5th. Friday. Up this morning before daylight and fell in behind the breastworks. [This is repeated from the previous page.] The regt. fell into line and marched to the other side of the railroad.

At two P.M. started for Newport Barracks, stopped at the Block house where Co. B's quarters were. We learned here that Co. B killed one Lieut. Col., one Capt. one Lieut. and four men and wounded seventeen men. Co. B lost eight men taken prisoners and two wounded and paroled.

We reached Newport Barracks about midnight and built a good fire staid till [?sentence not finished] A very cold night to sleep on the ground. We found our old quarters all burnt up and all the Buildings and everything there was destroyed. It was done by our own men before the rebs came in. Our men fought well considering the od[d]s against us.

The rebs were four thousand strong. Commanded by Gen. Martin. They say they were sent from Richmond. Our whole loss was six or eight killed and some twenty taken prisoners. The rebs stripped the dead of their clothing.

Feb. 6th. Saturday. Went on picket this morning, on N3[?] picket post. The day passed very well but at night the rebs posted their pickets within six rods of us across the brook. Our folks thought they were going to be attacked and left. I was relieved by the cavalry and joined the picket supports and left Newport.

Feb. 7th. Sunday. Left Newport early this morning for Morehead but did not go more than six miles. Came back on the cars to Newport Barracks. Feb. 9th. Tuesday. Went down Newport river to look for drownded[sic] men, in the afternoon went with the regt. to the Cavalry picket post. Then our Co. was sent to Canada's mills. A very cold night to sleep on the ground.

Feb. 10th. Wednesday. Went on Picket guard up to the mills. A very good place for picket. Feb. 11th. Thursday. This afternoon ordered back to Newport barracks, found the Capt. and Ord. had got back from Vermont with some more recruits. Feb. 12th. Friday. This afternoon the Capt. with our Co. and a few from another Co. went down the rail road towards Morehead three miles to look up two rebels that were seen at a house. When we got there we found that they were our own men. Came back to camp. Went on guard this evening and night to guard the horses.

Feb. 13th. Saturday. We drawed A[?] tents today and set them up on our old parade ground in front of the line where our barracks were. Our Co. now occupys[sic] the right of the regt. Our Capt. being senior Capt. The weather has been very cold ever since the first of the month and the tents came just in the nick of time.

Feb. 16th. Tuesday. Drawed an Overcoat today. Feb. 17th. Wednesday. Drawed shirt and drawers. Feb. 18th. Thursday evening it has snowed for the first time this winter, about three inches of snow fell during the night.

Feb. 21st. Sunday. On guard today in the blind road, warm and ple[a]sant. The snow all gone. Feb. 22d. Monday. Major Gen. Peck came to [to] Newport this afternoon. A salute of guns were fired in honor of his coming. Washington birthday.

Feb. 23d. Tuesday. We moved our camp to the east side of the railroad this forenoon. Feb. 25th. Thursday. On guard today on the blind road. Feb. 28th. Sunday. Changed my Enfield gun for a Springfield rifled musket. Feb. 29th. Monday. Worked on the rifle pits and slashing the woods in front, worked part of the night. March 1st. Tuesday. We were mustered this forenoon at 11 A.M., went to work slashing the woods, worked till dark. Two reliefs.

March 2d. Wednesday. On fatigue chop[p]ing and slashing. March 3d. Thursday. Took charge of forty two darkies slashing the woods on the east side of the railroad in front of the rifle pits. Worked till 2 P.M. They were sent up to Croton. March 4th. Friday. On Picket guard on Gales Creek road. " 6th. Sunday. We had inspection this morning and at dress parade we had a three minute discourse from the Chapl[a]in.

March 7th. Monday. On fatigue today digging rifle pits and clearing off a place for Artillery on the north side of the defences. March 8th. Tuesday. This afternoon helped the Adjutant pitch his tent and made a bunk. March 9th. Wednesday. Went on Picket this morning on the blind road. March 11th. Friday. Stockaded our tent, this afternoon, four feet high, it rained hard this morning. March 16th. Wednesday. Major Bartlett died this evening of congestion on the brain.

March 17th. Thursday. Went on Picket on the Gales Creek road. The officer of the day, Lieut. Haskell advanced Picket one mile to get beyond the range of the guns of the Fort. They are practicing with the guns throwing shells around in the woods and road. March 19th. Saturday. Escorted the remains of Major Bartlett to the cars.

March 22d. Tuesday. On Picket today, a very rainy and stormy day and night. On Bouge Sound road. March 28th. Monday. On Picket on the Bouge Sound road. April 1st. Friday. Went out on the Roberts road to Co. G quarters to relieve them, with Sergt. J. Webster Stebbins and nine men, five miles from Camp, went on guard with three men on the road that runs into the White Oak road. A very rainy night.

April 2d. Saturday. Relieved from guard this morning on guard again this evening. April 3d. Sunday. On guard all day and night, very ple[a]sant weather. April 4th. Monday. Relieved from guard this morning. The ambulance came this afternoon for one of the men that was taken sick yesterday (Mr. Waters), on guard again tonight. A wet rainy night.

April 5th. Tuesday. On guard on the same old post. April 6th. Wednesday. On guard half the night, on the reserves. April 7th. Thursday. On guard half the night on the reserves April 8th. Friday. We were relieved by a Sergt., Corp., and nine men of Co. G. Started about 10 oclock for camp, arrived there early in the afternoon. Felt pretty tired and worn out.

April 12th. Tuesday. On Picket on Gales Creek road. Very pleasant weather. Capt. Viely Officer of the day. April 13th. Wednesday. We had a gen[e]ral inspection this afternoon on the west side of the rail road. Ple[a]sant weather.

April 16th. Saturday. On Picket on the Block house road. Lieut. Whitcher Officer of the day. April 20. Wednesday. Traded my wool blanket that I found on Bolivar Heights (Va.), Harpers Ferry, Va Sept. 15, 1862, for a new blanket with (Asa Cutting). Went out to Gales Creek on Picket with Sergt. Stebbins (J.W.), Corpl. Corbett and ten men from our Co. and seven from Co. A. Ple[a]sant weather, on guard at 12 Oclock M. Our camp is across the creek from the old Meeting house. At 4 Oclock P.M. Lieut. Jewett of Co. A, comndg[?] picket (post) took me off guard and I went with him down to the mouth of Gales Creek and he put me in charge of the pickets down there. A Corpl and five men. At ten P.M. received an order to go further down the Sound (Bogue) on a point of land so he (we) could see up the sound an[d] observe any signals.

April 21st. Thursday. At two A.M. four men, two from Co. K and two of Co. B come down the creek with the picket boat, with orders for me to go with the boat out far enough in the Sound (Bogue) to see both sides clear up. We went out and anchored but saw no boats or signals. At 2 P.M. had the extra guard relieved.

April 22d. Friday. No boats or signals to stay. We went ashore in the morning and afternoon to cook our coffee and meat. April 23d. Saturday. This morning went ashore to cook our breakfast. We had just got ready to (go) out in the sound when we saw a sail com[m]ing across from the other side. We went out to meet it. There was two men of the 2d N.C. U Vols. In the boat. They were the ones that had been up to Swansboro scouting. They could not get to the other end of the Sound (on account) of some fishermen that were coming and going from Swansboro. The scouts say that these fishermen are soldiers detailed to fish for the government. They went ashore on the Banks and went clear to the other end, but saw no movement of troops in Swansboro.

April 24th. Sunday. Went ashore this morning and cooked coffee and ate breakfast. Went out in the Sound. A rather cloudy (day) it looked as though it would rain. Went ashore at noon and cut two crotches to make a shelter with an oar and our rubber blankets and plenty of rock we made a good Shelter, about four Oclock P.M. it began to rain and blow very hard from the southwest. About nine Oclock P.M. it stopped raining and commenced blowing very hard. We rode at anchor until[l] after two the next morning.

April 25th. Monday. This morning we took down the tents over the boat and tride[sic] to pull up the anchor but could not so we stuck an oar down in the mud and drove it with (a) stick so that it would not float away, and then tide[sic] the anchor rope to it. We went ashore and went to the picket shanty and slept the rest of the morning. Woke up this morning and found that the tide had gone out and left our boat high and dry, so we could not get it afloat. At twelve Oclock the long looked for relief came, the tide had come so far in that we got the boat afloat and I went out to show the Corporal that relieved me where the anchor laid. Had a hard time to get out there against wind and tide, but we succeeded at last, we found the anchor all right, but could not pull it up, so we left it and went ashore. It was about one Oclock P.M. when we got started for Camp, arrived in Camp at four P.M. Went to work putting up an addition to our tent, put up the corner posts and part of the roof.

April 26th. Tuesday. My tent comrades, Sergt. Stebbins (J.W., Corpl. Smith, Capt. Hannon and myself got excused from drill to finish our shebang. We finished it and our bunks put in and I cleaned my gun and equipments before dress parade. April 27th. Wednesday. Drilled today, squad drill from half past eight to half past nine. Company drill from half past ten to half past eleven. Company drill from two till three, Batallion[sic] drill from four to half past five. Dress parade at six. April 28th. Thursday. On guard down on the rail road one mile below Camp. Capt. Viele Officer of the day. Countersign "Waterloo." May 1st. Sunday. Company inspection this morning, this evening dress parade rather late. The Chapl[a]in read a portion of Scripture and made a prayer.

May 2d. Monday. Went on guard down to the steam saw mill on Newport river, Lieut. Hoborn[?] Officer of the day. May 3d. Tuesday. Came off guard this morning. Went in battalion drill from four to half past five P.M. and dress parade at six. May 4th. Wednesday. Drilled this morning from half past eight to ten A.M. This afternoon had battalion drill from four to half past five. Dress parade at six. May 5th. Thursday. Drilled this forenoon one hour and a half. This afternoon on fatigue. Heard heavy (fir[e]ing) in the direction of Newburn. May 11th. Wednesday. Bought a watch of Corpl. George Smith, went on Picket out on the point down on the Sound in the picket boat. A very warm day.

May 12th. Thursday. Went out tonight (Bogue Sound, N.C.), but had to come back, but about twelve Oclock it commenced to rain. May 13th. Friday evening we wont out. The weather was passable, good, staid there all night. (Bogue Sound, N.C.) May 14th. Saturday. We went out this evening, but had to come back at half past eight. It thundered and light[n]inged, the loudest and sharpest I ever saw or heard of.

May 15th. Sunday. A ple[a]sant warm day. Went out and staid all night. May 16th. Monday. We went into Camp this morning. May 17th. Tuesday. Drilled twice today. May 18th. Wednesday. Went on Camp picket down on the rail road toward Morehead. May 22d. Sunday. Went on guard down to the steam sawmill. May 25th. Wednesday. On guard down to the saw mill. May 30th. Monday. On guard down to the mill. June 6th. Monday. On guard on the Block house road. June 13th. Monday. On guard on the rail road. A wet day and night. June 19th. Sunday forenoon. Had orders to get ready for light marching order with three days rations. We started at seven Oclock P.M. on the cars toward Newbern. The 158th New York on the train with us, another train behind us had on a company of the first N.C. Union Cavalry and the Mix Cavalry and one Co. of the 12th N.Y.C. and two Mountain howitzers. We got off the cars three or four miles from Newbern at half past ten (P.M.). We were joined there by a wagon train and two three inch rifle guns and two large howitzers. Started for Evans Mills got there between twelve and one P.M., a distance of five miles. This Mill is an outpost of Newbern. Camped down for the night